Ages and Stages in Puppy Training

Wondering what your puppy should be doing at 8 weeks or 10 weeks, or a little later at 4 months or 5 months? In this article we are going to look at how to train a puppy at the various stages of their life.

From 8 weeks on our puppy training schedule guides you through ages and stages of puppy training. It is very tempting to get carried away with puppy training. These little Goldens are so willing to please and such fun to be around.  But it is important to go at a ‘happy’ pace. Obviously we don’t want to be ‘correcting’ tiny puppies.   And this can easily creep in if we ask too much too soon. So what should we be doing with a puppy at two or three month’s old? What are the stages in training that a puppy should pass through? No two trainers will ever agree exactly on this one! But it might help to see what I currently do with my puppies.

An approximate schedule

This may not be exactly the same for each puppy,  especially with retrieving. However, it gives you a rough idea. I’ll also give you some general ideas of what to expect from a puppy at each stage.

What I teach at 8-10 weeks

  • Follow me: Encourage the puppy to walk after me and keep close to me outdoors, by walking a few steps one way, and a few steps another.  Constantly changing direction.  Stopping frequently for cuddles and rewards.
  • Recall: Lots of puppy recall ‘phase one’  training.  This means I blow the recall whistle whenever the puppy runs towards me, no compulsion,  and no whistle unless the recall is already underway.
  • Socialization: Lots (almost daily) of outings to different places rural and urban (carried) Visits to family and friends.
  • Bite inhibition: Discourage hard biting, mouthing
  • Working with food: Learning how to take food gently without snatching or grabbing at the treat pot.

What I teach at 10-12 weeks

  • Walk next to me: Introduce clicker heel to get the puppy walking alongside me in the heel position on my left hand side.
  • Recall: Now I start introducing the whistle as a ‘signal’  to trigger the recall.  I still give the puppy lots of encouragement by running away as soon as I blow the whistle.
  • Socialization: More socialization, at least twice a week to busy public places
  • Bite inhibition: Discourage hard biting, gentle mouthing
  • Retrieving: Encourage chase and pick up (retrieve drive)
  • Hand touch: I teach all new puppies to touch my hand with their noses. This is a great foundation for other skills. 

What I teach at 3-4 months

  • Walk on a lead:  If she is ready for this, I start to slip a lead over the puppy’s head for very short periods as she walks next to me.
  • Recall: Puppy recall continues,  reduce my run to a walk, avoid any distractions.  Still frequently blow the recall whenever the pup runs towards me of her own free will.
  • Socialization: From ground level (after vaccination).  Attend events/take into town. No other lead walking at all
  • Bite inhibition: No biting, gentle mouthing allowed.
  • Retrieving: Continue to build drive.
  • Getting into a bed/basket: I introduce the idea that sitting in her bed while we eat is a great way to get treats.
  • Positions: I introduce three positions – sit, stand, down.

What to expect from a 3 month old puppy

Most three month old puppies will be sleeping through the night.  And will be having less potty training accidents in the house. This is peak age for biting, so don’t expect too much. Biting is a big shock and a big problem for many new puppy parents. Many people will have started to teach their puppy to ‘sit’ at this point and that is fine, my only caution would be not to start asking such young puppies to stay for more than a second or two. I also like to get small puppies acquainted with the idea that getting in their bed while we eat is a great idea. I have a pot of dog treats on our kitchen table, and whenever we sit down to a meal, the puppy gets a treat each time she steps into her basket.  No pressure, no ‘stay’.  Just a treat for stepping in there.

What to expect from a 4 month old puppy

Many four month old puppies will be pretty much potty trained. They will however still be prone to accidents if left for too long. Biting is usually starting to subside now. I teach every puppy to let me touch her face or approach him/her with my hand, food, a lead etc while holding eye contact and not grabbing at me, or at what is in my hand. This is the age at which people often start to push forward with training.  And many four month old puppies are capable of quite a lot. There is nothing wrong with teaching your puppy different cues and even some tricks. I recommend you still avoid long duration activities at this point as they are a common stumbling point with puppies young enough to have a short attention span. I wouldn’t expect a four month old puppy to walk at heel for long distances, or to stay in his basket for an entire meal for example.  A ten second sit is ample.

What I teach puppies at 4 – 5 months

  • Heel: begin to practice heel work more purposefully. Add mild distractions
  • Recall: Fade additional cues.  Begin to whistle the pup and stand still.  Add mild distractions.
  • Socialization: One or two short outings into crowded/public places
  • Sit/stay: Simple short duration sits, in low distraction environment
  • Bed/basket: I expect a puppy to remain in her bed most of the time while we eat by about five months. No commands are needed for this. She chooses and I reward

5 – 6 months

  • General obedience:  Gradually advance the ‘heel’ and ‘sit’.  Gradual introduction of distractions

6 months on wards

  • Advanced training begins in earnest

Teaching your puppy to walk to heel nicely for longer distance and past all kinds of distractions and temptations. Or teaching your puppy to sit and stay for longer periods of time, and even while you go out of sight or while other dogs play nearby. The secret to success is breaking these skills down into baby steps and adding distractions bit by bit. This part of training is called proofing.

What to expect from a six month old puppy

Six months is a common time for people to have a lot of questions and to be struggling with a few challenges. This is now a very bouncy, quite powerful and rapidly maturing young dog. And you may need to patch up a few holes in his training or manners. 

Early starters don’t get there faster

As far as I’m aware,  there is no evidence to suggest that puppies that are ‘hot-housed’ from an early age,  make more obedient, or better mannered dogs. So don’t worry about rushing your Golden into ‘school’ at eight weeks old. You have plenty of time to enjoy  your puppy and work slowly through a gentle but effective long term training program.